The ancient production area of Kashan remains one of the most appreciated. These rugs draw inspiration from classical design and decoration. They often employ the central-medallion layout on a field dense with arabesques and studded with
palmettos, leaves and other plant elements, often interspersed with small birds or animals. In the 19th century, figural scenes depicting Persian legends appeared.
Another ancient production area is that of Joshaghan where rugs typically employ a stylized vase design. A vase design is characterized by an ascending directional layout. From the bottom, along one of the short sides, pairs of long stems, often emerge from elegant vases, develop toward the opposite side. Intersecting at regular intervals, the stems create a sort of latticework that modulates and organizes the thick distribution of leaves,
palmettos and other floral elements.